Irish Haiku Society

Haiku and Hokku

 

Haiku (plural: haiku!):

a short (having no more than four lines) nature-oriented poem containing a reference to a certain season, or a kigo / season word, and consisting of two parts.

 

 

Hokku:

traditionally, a first stanza in renga.

 

Before Shiki, the name for what we now know as haiku.

 

Senryu and Monoku

 

Senryu: 

a poem dealing with human affairs, usually written in the same form as haiku but without a kigo.



Example. Classical Japanese senryu


A single ant

gets a good girl

out of her clothes




A baby born

and as river-banks lie

man and wife




Sheltering from the rain,

the letters on the Buddha's forehead

I study hard!



Monoku:

a one-line haiku or senryu poem


Examples


autumn ilness the white noise of crickets


mosquitoes and young couples in love in another language


a wet-black boulder blue december sky


by Jim Kacian (first published in Shamrock Haiku Journal No 1)


Jim Kacian, 2007


Renga

 

Renga (linked verse):

a linked poems usually composed by two or more poets (5-7-5 and 7-7 onji).

 

Rensaku and Gunsaku

 

Rensaku (linked work):

a bunch of haiku/tanka written around the same event/experience.

 

 

Gunsaku (group work):

a sequence of haiku/tanka written around the same event/experience.

 

Ginko


 

Ginko:

a walk in the nature of a group of haiku poets.


Poems from the ginko organised by the Irish Haiku Society in 2007 can be viewed here:

http://irishhaiku2007.webs.com/poemsfromtheginko.htm


Photographs from the same ginko are available here:

 http://irishhaiku.webs.com/ginko.htm


Haibun

 

Haibun:

prose by a haiku poet, usually intermitted with haiku.

 

Haiga

Haiga:

a painting that includes a haiku, sometimes in calligraphy.

 

Example. Haiga by Kamome (Italy)

includes the following haiku by Issa Kobayashi:

 

Rare beauty:

the kite escaping

from a beggar's hut